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Test for Diabetes

by Development PRT on 0 Comments

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterised by elevated blood sugar levels. Your body either does not produce enough insulin or does not utilise the insulin that it does produce adequately.

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects how your body uses glucose, which is your cells' primary source of energy. When you eat, your body converts carbs into glucose and then produces insulin, a pancreatic hormone that helps transfer glucose into your cells and utilise it for energy. Diabetes occurs when the body either does not make enough insulin or does not utilise it adequately, resulting in glucose buildup in the blood.

Diabetes-related elevated blood sugar can harm your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs if left untreated. However, learning about diabetes and taking steps to prevent or manage it can help protect your health.

It is important to keep checking on your glucose level time to time to detect it timely. There are many test to diagnose your diabetes  like


Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) Test:

 This test determines your blood sugar level after you have fasted for at least 8 hours. Diabetes is defined as a fasting blood sugar level of 126 mg/dL or above on two different occasions.


Normal fasting blood glucose concentrations are estimated to be between 70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L) and 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L). When fasting blood glucose levels range from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L), lifestyle adjustments and glycemic monitoring are advised. Diabetes is diagnosed when fasting blood glucose levels are 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or greater on two independent tests. Low fasting blood glucose concentration (hypoglycemia) - less than 70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L) - causes dizziness, sweating, palpitations, blurred vision, and other symptoms that must be monitored. Hyperglycemia (high fasting blood glucose concentration) is a sign of an increased risk of diabetes.

OGTT 

The Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) includes consuming a sweet drink and then monitoring your blood sugar level two hours later. After 2 hours, a blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL or higher indicates diabetes. 

The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is the most often used glucose tolerance test. A blood sample will be obtained prior to the start of the test.

After that, you will be asked to drink a beverage containing a certain amount of glucose (typically 75 grams). After you drink the solution, your blood will be drawn every 30 to 60 minutes.

The examination might last up to three hours.

HbA1c

The HbA1c test, also known as the haemoglobin A1c or glycated haemoglobin test, is a vital blood test that shows how effectively your diabetes is controlled.

The HbA1c test, along with the fasting plasma glucose test, is one of the primary methods for diagnosing type 2 diabetes.



HbA1c tests are not the primary diagnostic test for type 1 diabetes, although they may be used in conjunction with other tests in some cases.

HbA1c (glycated haemoglobin, haemoglobin A1c) is formed when haemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells, binds with glucose in the circulation. Glycation refers to the bonding with glucose.

Because red blood cells last about 3 months in the body, a HbA1c level generally reflects a person's blood glucose levels over the previous 8-12 weeks.

  • HbA1c below 42 mmol/mol (5.7%): Non-diabetic
  • HbA1c between 42 and 47 mmol/mol (5.8–6.4%): Impaired glucose regulation (IGR) or Prediabetes
  • HbA1c of 48 mmol/mol (6.5%) or over: Type 2 diabetes

Prevention 

Diabetes types 1 and 1.5 are not avoidable since they are caused by an immune system malfunction. Some of the causes of type 2 diabetes, such as your genes or age, are also beyond your control.

However, many other diabetes risk factors are controllable. Most diabetes preventive techniques include making minor changes to your diet and exercise regimen.

If you have prediabetes, there are a few things you may take to postpone or avoid type 2 diabetes:

Get at least 150 minutes of aerobic exercise per week, such as walking or cycling.Reduce your intake of saturated and trans fats, as well as processed carbs.Increase your intake of fruits, veggies, and whole grains.Consume less calories. If you are overweight or obese, try to shed 5% to 7% of your body weight.

These aren't the sole methods for preventing diabetes. Discover other measures that may assist you in avoiding this chronic health problem.

One who is dealing with diabetes should consult doctor  and dietitian and should try our medicine mentioned below 

https://yogamanlab.com/collections/diabetes-treatment

Diab 99.9+ is the medicine work on blood sugar level and we have successfully reduced hba1c level of many patient this medicine work on restoration of pancreas and low down your sugar level. 

We also provide Doctor and Dietitian consultation who can guide you for your condition.

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